Plant family: Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn
Plant type: Shrub
Plant origin: N/A, California
Chaparral, Coastal Sage Scrub, Coastal Strand, Creosote Bush Scrub, Joshua Tree Woodland
Decomposed Granite, Sandy Loam, Serpentine
Fire Resistance, Good in Containers, Hedges and Screens, Important to Native People, Slope Stabilizer
The California bockthorn, or coffeberry plant, due to its similarity in seed structure to a coffee bean, is native to all of California and Southern Oregon. Sub-species tomentella grows at higher elevations than sub- species (it can be found up to 7500 ft) californica and is distinguished by its fine hairs on the underside of the leaves giving it a velvety texture. This evergreen shrub has dark red bark with long, dark, and dull green leaves. The small white and green flowers grow in clusters from 5-60 in a bunch.The small berries turn red, then purple, then black as spring progresses. Birds will flock to this shrub to feast on the berries in fall. Pollinators equally enjoy the flowers.
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